Wednesday, December 26, 2012

Predicting Immediate Improvement After tPA

tPA for stroke remains controversial, to say the least.  The reasons behind the Emergency Medicine/Neurology disconnect are complex and covered elsewhere.  Regardless, thrombolysis is here to stay – and probably helps some patients.  The hard part is finding those patients with the most favorable risk/benefit ratio.

This is a study that looked at diffusion-weighted imaging to try and predict which patients were most likely to rapidly improve with tPA.  These authors enrolled sixty-six patients with acute stroke eligible for tPA under the Japanese license and performed diffusion-weighted MRI on each of them.  Previous studies had suggested an ASPECTS score > 7 predicted response to tPA – and this study confirmed it.  Essentially, this translates as larger vascular territories showing greater improvement in NIHSS after tPA than smaller vascular territories.

There's a bit of a bias in this study, since smaller vascular territories may have produced smaller initial NIHSS.  The population was quite old for a stroke study – median age 79.  And, truly, the more interesting data presented is the breakdown demonstrating the massively favorable impact of early (within 1 hour) recanalization after tPA administration.

But, mildly interesting paper, important as part of a slow, gradual trend of attempts to delineate which patients have the best potential to benefit from tPA.

"DWI-ASPECTS as a Predictor of Dramatic Recovery After Intravenous Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator Administration in Patients With Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion"
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23212169

No comments:

Post a Comment

Comments on posts > 10 days old will be moderated; blame spammers.